BMI is Now For-Profit: What This Means For Songwriters?

BMI is Now For-Profit: What This Means For Songwriters?

For decades, the music industry has relied on performance rights organizations (PROs) to collect and distribute royalties to songwriters and publishers. One of the largest PROs in the United States is BMI (Broadcast Music, Inc.), which represents over 900,000 songwriters, composers, and music publishers. However, in a recent controversial move, BMI has transitioned from a non-profit organization to a for-profit entity. This shift has raised concerns among songwriters about the potential impact on their earnings and creative freedom.

The Transition to For-Profit

In 2020, BMI announced its decision to convert from a non-profit organization to a for-profit entity. This move was met with mixed reactions from the music industry. While BMI argued that the transition would allow them to adapt to the changing landscape of the music industry and better serve their members, many songwriters expressed concerns about the potential consequences.

Increased Focus on Profit

As a for-profit organization, BMI’s primary goal is now to generate profits for its shareholders. This shift in focus has led to changes in the way BMI operates and interacts with songwriters. One of the most significant changes is the increased emphasis on commercial success and mainstream appeal. BMI is now more likely to prioritize songs that have the potential to generate substantial revenue, leaving behind niche or experimental music that may not have mass appeal.

This shift in focus can be seen in BMI’s decision to invest more resources in promoting and licensing music for commercial use, such as advertisements, films, and television shows. While this may lead to increased revenue for BMI and some songwriters, it also means that certain genres or styles of music may receive less attention and support.

Impact on Royalty Distribution

One of the main concerns among songwriters is how BMI’s transition to a for-profit organization will affect royalty distribution. In the past, BMI distributed royalties based on a complex formula that took into account factors such as radio airplay, live performances, and digital streaming. However, with the increased focus on commercial success, there is a fear that songwriters who do not fit the mainstream mold may receive smaller royalty payments.

Additionally, BMI’s transition to a for-profit entity may lead to changes in the way royalties are collected and distributed. Some songwriters worry that BMI may introduce new fees or increase existing ones, reducing their overall earnings. Others fear that the increased emphasis on commercial success may result in a more top-heavy distribution model, with a small number of successful songwriters receiving a disproportionate share of the royalties.

Challenges for Independent Songwriters

Independent songwriters, who often rely on PROs like BMI to collect and distribute their royalties, may face particular challenges in the new for-profit landscape. Without the backing of major labels or publishers, independent songwriters may struggle to compete for the attention and resources of BMI. This could result in their music being overlooked or undervalued, limiting their earning potential.

Furthermore, independent songwriters may find it harder to negotiate fair licensing deals with BMI. As a for-profit organization, BMI may prioritize the interests of major labels and publishers, who have more bargaining power and resources. This could lead to unfavorable licensing terms for independent songwriters, further exacerbating the challenges they face in the music industry.


The transition of BMI from a non-profit organization to a for-profit entity has raised valid concerns among songwriters. The increased focus on profit and commercial success may lead to a more homogenized music industry, with certain genres and styles being marginalized. Additionally, the impact on royalty distribution and the challenges faced by independent songwriters highlight the potential negative consequences of BMI’s transition.

While BMI argues that the move to for-profit status will benefit its members in the long run, it is crucial for songwriters to stay informed and advocate for their rights. By actively participating in discussions and engaging with organizations like BMI, songwriters can help shape the future of the music industry and ensure that their voices are heard.

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